laboratory equipment

laboratory equipment

laboratory equipment

One of the most important areas of health in any country is laboratories and scientific, research and research centers with standard laboratory equipment.

The existence of well-equipped and modern laboratories is vital for any society, because in recent years, with the presence of the Covid-19 virus, it has been proven to the whole world that the most basic step for the recovery of any patient is the testing and accurate diagnosis of that person’s disease, and also the most important The solution to fight any disease or virus is to know and analyze it. Therefore, it is very necessary to have laboratories with modern and advanced equipment to treat and fight diseases and to test and diagnose their types. In this article, we are trying to introduce the most comprehensive information about laboratory equipment, laboratory tools and supplies, because the high quality of this equipment and its procurement from reliable sellers and suppliers is very important, because it can be used with confidence in their quality and performance. did If you are planning to buy laboratory equipment or want to increase your knowledge in this field, stay with us until the end of this article.

Laboratory equipment is a general definition of all types of tools, supplies and devices used in laboratories and scientific centers, research centers and hospitals. This equipment is a wide range of general and specialized laboratory devices and tools. One of the most important main indicators in choosing laboratory equipment is their accuracy and high quality to perform accurate and sensitive tests FG laboratory equipment has provided this important for you.

Today, many companies are active in the field of manufacturing and selling laboratory equipment FG company It is also one of these companies that competes with Foreign brands by producing laboratory equipment with unique technology and in accordance with today’s world standards. FG laboratory equipment is the first word in accuracy, beauty of appearance, user comfort, elegance and unique technologies used in each device.

  • laboratory instruments
  • Scaffolding (laboratory cabinet, laboratory sink, laboratory table, etc.)
  • Lab Tools
  • Microbiological safety cabinet
  • Laboratory safety devices
  • Laboratory shower and eyewash

Laboratory devices are very diverse and have different uses in different laboratories, and each one is designed and produced for a specific purpose. We will introduce the most used ones below.

Laboratory Drying Oven

 

Laboratory drying Oven or oven It is a device that is used to dry, heat and sterilize samples and laboratory equipment by creating uniform heat. Ovens are usually divided into two groups, with fan and without fan, and include different types of standard ovens and vacuum ovens, and also in terms of size, they are used in different sizes of 55, 120, 240, and 400 liters. In some cases, They are also classified according to the type of body and type of controller and temperature range. Ovens are part of fixed laboratory equipment and are used in different laboratories according to the range of facilities and temperature range (up to 300 degrees).

Laboratory incubator

 

Incubator It is one of the laboratory equipment that provides a suitable environment for the growth of all kinds of microorganisms and bacteria by creating uniform heating and controlling temperature and humidity as well as the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide. This device is one of the important tools in pharmaceutical laboratories, medical diagnosis , microbiology, biology, cellular and various industries including food, oil and gas, cosmetics and research centers including agriculture.

Incubators are divided into three categories: industrial, medical and Laboratory incubator They are divided and in the laboratory environment of all kinds of normal or thermal incubators (temperature range from 30 to 70 degrees), Cooled incubator (average temperature range from -5 to +70), Incubator CO2 and shaker incubators are used.

Temperature humidity chamber (stability test chamber)

 

Drug stability test chambers or temperature and humidity chamber (STABILITY TEST CHAMER) is a device that is very important and necessary by creating special environmental conditions for pharmaceutical ICH tests. Drug sustainability tests are an important part in the development of pharmaceutical and medical sciences, which doubles the importance and sensitivity of the chambers. The stability chambers are mainly used to take the ICH GUAIDLINE Q1A test, which places the drug in temperature conditions of 40 degrees Celsius and 70% humidity, and measures the stability of the drug in time periods of 3 months, 6 months, and even 1 year.

Laboratory Furnace

 

Laboratory furnaces It is one of the most widely used equipment and at the same time it is expensive. Because working in a high temperature range and a long period of use has made this device one of the most sensitive laboratory equipment and has increased the sensitivities during the construction and design of this device. . A laboratory furnace is a device that is used by creating uniform heat for compositional and chemical analysis as well as heating, melting and burning laboratory samples.

Laboratory Shaker

 

Various types of laboratory shakers such as orbital shaker, plate shaker, shaker incubator and solar shaker are divided. Laboratory shakers are equipment’s that provide suitable operations for mixing liquids with movement and vibration. According to the type of movement of these shakers, they are called orbital shakers or rotator shakers. Shakers are used in research, industrial and medical laboratories.

Cooled Incubator

 

A cooled incubator is a device designed to maintain and grow microorganisms in a suitable environment with a uniform temperature. One of its most common uses is the incubation of bacterial, viral, and fungal cultures.

The most important advantage of FG cooled incubators is uniformity at all points of the chamber and thermal stability, and for the first time in Iran, it has brought uniformity at 27 points of the chamber to the user. Another important advantage is temperature stability even in cooling mode, which is made possible by using NON-CUT technology. Due to the working temperature range of cooled incubators, it is also called cryogenic incubator.

Growth Chamber (germinator)

 

Growth chambers or germinators (GROWTH CHAMER) is a device that is used by creating ideal environmental conditions for the growth of seeds or eggs of a plant, the laboratory germinator provides conditions in which light, humidity and temperature are controlled in such a way that the optimal conditions for growth A seed or egg is provided

FG growth chambers are part of the important equipment of laboratories and agricultural research centers, and according to the type of application, they have high sensitivity. FG growth chambers are used in many research centers and laboratories in the country by creating constant temperature and humidity and uniform light. The most important advantage of FG growth chambers is the constant environmental conditions of temperature and humidity in all parts of the chamber, and together with other unique technologies, it has brought a new experience to the user. According to the type of use, these devices are also called temperature and humidity chamber, laboratory chamber, humidity chamber, germinator device, plant growth chamber and plant cultivation chamber.

Laboratory mill

 

A laboratory mill is a laboratory equipment that is usually used for samples before analysis and prepares them. This device is used to crush fine particles, homogenize wet, dry, hard, soft and elastic materials. In simpler terms, it reduces the volume and size of particles and makes them smooth.

 

Laboratory electrolysis

 

An electrolysis device is a device that uses electric current to break the chemical bonds between elements and materials and separate them from each other. This device is widely used in water and wastewater treatment, metallurgy industry and mines.

 

hydrometer

 

A hydrometer or hydrometer is a device that is used to quickly measure the relative density of different liquids. This glass instrument is in the form of a cylindrical body with a bubble filled with mercury or heavy lead pellets.

 

 

Laboratory freezer

 

A laboratory freezer is a type of laboratory freezer and refrigeration device that is used to store and freeze experiments and tests in laboratories, hospitals and other centers. A laboratory freezer is a temperature-controlled chamber for storing special laboratory materials that require more care.

 

Laboratory refractometer

 

Refractometer, which means refractometer, is a type of laboratory device that is used to identify and determine the degree of purity of laboratory materials. In fact, this device performs refractometry by measuring the refractive index of materials (liquids, solids and gases).

 

Karl Fischer

 

With the help of chemical methods, the Karl Fischer device accurately measures the amount of water in solids, solvents, organic acids, alcohols, esters, ethers, and aqueous mineral salts within a few minutes. For this reason, it is one of the most important laboratory equipment that is widely used in the food, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, wood and paper, textiles and construction materials industries.

Bain-marie

 

Bain-marie or water bath is one of the widely used laboratory devices that provides suitable conditions for various chemical reactions by gradually and uniformly heating water. This device is used to heat Arlen or laboratory materials in the temperature range of 25 to 100 degrees .

Hand sanitizer

 

Hand disinfection is very important in laboratory environments where it is not possible to wash it regularly. Because hands are the most important factor in the transmission of diseases. For this reason, the use of hand sanitizers is one of the best methods of disinfection.

Heather Stirrer

 

The heater stirrer or hot plate is used to heat and stir the sample with a magnet in the laboratory.

Workstation

 

The workstation device is another laboratory equipment that is used in genetics and biology laboratories. This device prevents cross contamination between laboratory samples.

The function of this device is that the UV lamps in the device significantly reduce the pollution of the surface and the air inside the device by emitting ultraviolet rays. In this way, it provides the user with a clean working environment for conducting experiments.

Laboratory centrifuge

 

A laboratory centrifuge is a device that is used to separate the components of a liquid mixture using its own motor power. In a centrifuge, the components of the mixture are separated with the help of centrifugal force. In the centrifuge, the sample rotates rapidly (usually from 4000 to 20000 rpm) around a fixed axis and is horizontal or at different angles, and centrifugal force is applied to it.

Medical centrifuges work based on the sedimentation principle of materials at high speed. In this method, the central gravitational acceleration separates the materials into two types of low and high density areas.

One of the most widely used laboratory equipment is laboratory hoods, which in addition to maintaining the health of laboratory workers due to its use as laboratory ventilation, also helps to increase the life of devices, because equipment such as laboratory furnaces must be used under the hood.

The work of ventilation is different in different laboratories, for example, in the laboratories of radioactive, chemical and biological materials, this work will be different, which will protect the environment and the sample. The laboratory hood protects the user from various types of bacteria, viruses and parasites that produce toxins and threaten human life with the help of the suction created in the air exhaust pipes.

Types of laboratory hoods

 

Chemical hood:

 

It is used to suck smoke and vapors from experiments and combustion of chemicals and transfer these vapors out of the laboratory space. These hoods have a chamber for experiments, a suction fan and a cabinet for storing chemicals.

Canopy hood:

 

Canopy hoods are placed on a certain wall or ceiling in the laboratory to carry out the desired chemical treatment for the space under these hoods. The fan of these hoods cannot be mounted on the hood, so a space must be built outside the laboratory to accommodate the fan.

Microbial hood:

 

Microbial hood or laminar hood is used for tissue or tumor and cell culture. In microbiology experiments, it is responsible for air conditioning. In microbiology experiments, it is responsible for air conditioning. Arm or articulated hoods can be moved around the entire laboratory using the arms and joints inside.

Laboratory cabinets is called a set of factors that prepare a suitable space for placing laboratory devices, requirements and equipment. In fact, the set of cabinets and work tables that exist in every laboratory is called laboratory scaffolding. Laboratory scaffolding is actually the basis of setting up a laboratory and it must be consistent with domestic and international standards.

Types of scaffolding

 

One-way platform

 

The one-way laboratory platform (one-way laboratory table) is one of the most widely used types of platforms and cabinets in the laboratory environment, which provides the possibility of one-way use for employees by installing it on the side of the wall.

The one-sided laboratory cabinet, which usually has granite stone, steel, epoxy resin, anti-acid ceramic and HPL (Formica) as its top, has the ability to install a sink, all kinds of laboratory faucets, electrical outlets, etc.

Two-way platform (island)

 

Double-sided laboratory platform (double-sided table) or laboratory island is another type of laboratory cabinet that, by installing in the middle of the laboratory environment, provides the possibility of using both sides for employees.

Also, this laboratory scaffolding, while having the ability to install a sink, all kinds of laboratory faucets, electrical sockets, etc., creates the possibility of using laboratory equipment and sinks bilaterally for users, and usually has a top plate made of granite stone, epoxy resin, steel, HPL (Formica) and ceramic are anti-acid.

Wall shelf

 

The dimensions of the wall shelf are usually chosen with a height of 60, a length of 90 and a depth of 30 cm. It is recommended that its body is made of MDF with melamine covers. Its doors are usually made of glass or MDF or a combination of both.

Middle and side shelf

 

The middle and side shelves are made according to the client’s order and are usually made of 20 x 20 mm light profile with an electrostatic paint coating. It is better to make its body like the previous cases from MDF with melamine, formica or metal covers.

Laboratory table

 

The laboratory table is one of the most widely used laboratory equipment used for medical, electronic, etc. laboratories. Laboratory tables include weighing table (anti-vibration), middle table, washing table, writing table and weighing table for use for laboratory equipment. Working with them requires the most precision and the least amount of vibration. The middle table and the washing table are selected from materials that are resistant to chemicals and solvents and are easy to clean. For this reason, their upper material is usually selected from acid-proof ceramic.

Laboratory sink

 

A laboratory sink is one of the other essential laboratory equipments, which must be resistant to acid and alkali. These sinks are usually made in three models: ceramic, epoxy and propylene. If the laboratory sink is selected from the appropriate material and related to the field of work, it is very effective in increasing the efficiency of the experiment. The laboratory sink should be resistant to the weight of objects and chemicals like the laboratory cabinet.

Storage cabinet for laboratory materials

 

Material storage cabinet is designed and used as a safe cabin for storing chemical and organic materials, acidic and open materials in laboratory environments.

If the laboratory sink is selected from the appropriate material and related to the field of work, it is very effective in increasing the efficiency of the experiment. Laboratory equipment is used to perform scientific experiments and, depending on the application, includes simple instruments to complex devices. According to different areas, laboratories need different types of equipment, but some of them are common in all laboratories.

Beaker

 

Becher is a device that is usually used to stir the substance. Bechers are generally cylindrical in shape with a flat bottom. Beaker are available in various sizes from 1 ml to several liters. Beaker may be made of glass, often Pyrex, or plastic. beakers used to store corrosive materials must be made of corrosion-resistant materials. beaker are usually graded using lines drawn on them. For example, a 250 ml beaker may be divided into 50, 150, 200 and 250 degrees. This rating may be different in different beaker.

Erlen

This device has a narrow opening that reduces the risk of splashing liquid drops when stirring or shaking. Erlen is easily attached to the base and can be used to heat and shake solutions. A graduated Erlenmeyer flask is used to remove a certain volume of liquids.

Buchner Erlen

The Büchner Erlen is similar to the regular flask, except that a tube called the discharge tube is located on top of it. The end of this pipe is designed to be connected to a type of pump known as a vacuum pump. This type of laboratory equipment is usually used to filter samples.

Florence flask

 

Florence Flask is in the form of a round-bottomed container with a narrow and long opening. This container is used to store, heat and stir liquids.

test tube

The test tube is one of the common laboratory tools that can be found in most chemistry laboratories. This device, which is made of glass or transparent plastic, is in the form of a long tube that is open at one end and closed at the other end and is convex. Larger laboratory tubes that are used to boil liquids are known as boiling tubes. Some types of tubes are known as conical tubes, which are mostly used for centrifuges.

Pipe brush or saline pipe

It is a kind of brush that is used to wash and clean the inner wall of the test tube. To wash the test tube, put the brush inside the test tube and rotate it.

Test tube holder

It is a device made of wood, plastic, or metal that is used to store the test tube.

Tongs and Forceps

It is usually used to store some laboratory equipment such as test tubes. In cases where it is dangerous to touch the test tubes, it is recommended to use special tongs to move them.

Crucible

The laboratory Crucible plant is a conical container (incomplete cone) similar to a thimble whose edges are completely smooth and its internal and external walls are smooth and polished.

Although the laboratory Crucible is made of metal, especially nickel, graphite and clay (mud or clay plant), these plants are mainly made of porcelain and usually have a cover.

Microtome blade

A microtome blade is a tool that is used to make very thin slices of plant and animal tissues. This blade is most used in surgery and histological pathology laboratory and when working with a microscope.

Glass stirrer

It is a glass rod filled with feathers, which is used to mix solutions and even out the heat of a place.

watch glass

Another laboratory equipment that is mostly made of glass and is part of the glass laboratory equipment is the watch glass, which is convex like the glass on the watch and is known by this name because it is the same shape as the watch glass.

Watch glasses are lens-like glass tools that are used to store very small amounts of solid and liquid materials. In addition, it is used as a container lid in experiments involving evaporation.

petri (plate)

This container is used to store solutions and microbial samples.

funnel

A laboratory funnel is a laboratory container that is used for easy transfer of liquids from one container to another and purification of materials in the laboratory. A funnel is a device with a wide mouth in the shape of a cone, and the end of its tube is cut in the shape of a pen tip. Laboratory funnels are usually made in two types of glass and plastic, depending on the application.

Graduated cylinders

Graduated cylinders are a tool for measuring the volume of liquids. The smaller the diameter of the cylinders, the more accurate the volume measurement. The liquid surface inside the graduated cylinder has a slight curvature. For this reason, when reading the volumetric measurement value, the lower part of the curve, which is called the ‘liquid surface curve’ (Meniscus), is read. This device is produced and marketed in different sizes.

volumetric balloon

Volumetric flask (Volumetric Flask) is one of the laboratory tools that is used to make solutions with a certain concentration. This type of flask has a long neck on which there is a marking line.

round bottom balloons

The Round Bottom Flask is one of the laboratory glass tools that is used to heat liquids in the laboratory. The important feature of this laboratory tool is the roundness of the bottom of the flask, which causes the heat of the flame to reach the entire liquid uniformly. This type of balloon is made of heat-resistant glass such as borosilicate glass.

Distillation flask

A distillation flask is similar to a round-bottomed flask, except that there is a narrow tube at its mouth. This flask is used to distill liquids based on boiling point.

dropper

Droppers consist of a narrow glass tube on top of which there is a rubber bubble. The function of this bubble is to suck liquids into the dropper tube. In addition, it can be used to add liquids to solutions little by little. The dropper has many uses in titration experiments.

desiccator

A desiccator is one of the laboratory equipments, which is made of glass and consists of two parts: a door and a chamber. The lower part of the chamber is divided into two parts by the mesh part. The basis of this device is to remove moisture from the material or some devices. To reuse the moisture absorbent seeds, they should be placed in a furnace or oven to remove the moisture absorbed by the material. It is used to store substances such as cobalt (III) chloride with the chemical formula (COCl2). Inside the desiccator, there are materials called desiccants that prevent the stored material from absorbing moisture. When the desiccator door is opened, the material inside is exposed to air. For this reason, this device is not used to store materials such as alkali metals that react quickly with air.

Pipette

A pipette is a device that is used to accurately measure the volume of a liquid and transfer it to another container.

Poar

Pourer or pipette filler is a device that is used to fill a pipette.

Burette

A burette is a glass tube that has a control valve at the bottom so that the amount of liquid released from it can be controlled. Usually, this device is used in the laboratory along with a base and clamp.

Conical measure

It is a device that is used to remove a certain volume of liquid to fill the burette and graduated cylinder.

Condenser

The condenser that is connected to the distiller is used to cool the vapor resulting from the evaporation of liquids.

fireproof triangle

It is a triangular metal device that has three pieces of refractory porcelain and is used to hold the porcelain crucible while heating it on the Bunsen lamp.

fireproof net

To prevent direct contact of fire with the vessel we heat, such as human beings. . Fireproof net is used. In this way, we put the dish on a fireproof net and then heat it. In the middle of the net, there is a white material called asbestos, which is a non-combustible material.

Base and clamp

Stand and Clamps are used to hold burettes, balloons, porcelain vases, etc. on top of containers or Bunsen lamps.

Spatula

Spatula is a tool used to remove chemicals from containers.

Laboratory thermometer

Laboratory thermometers are used to measure the temperature of liquids and are made of glass or thermocouples.

Bunsen burner

Bunsen burner is a device used to create a flame.

Laboratory Balance

A laboratory scale (Balance) is used to weigh chemicals. For this purpose, chemicals are never placed directly on the scale, but are weighed with a device such as a watch glass.

Wash Bottle

A wash bottle or fountain is a device used to wash laboratory equipment such as test tubes and round-bottomed balloons.

The most important principle in the chemistry laboratory is to observe the principles of safety and self-protection against the dangers of working with laboratory equipment and chemicals. By following the instructions and using laboratory safety devices, the risk can be minimized. In the following, we will introduce this tool.

safety glasses

It is very necessary to use safety glasses in laboratories because when working with acid and transferring it to other containers, drops of it or its vapors may hit the eyes and cause the risk of blindness and eye inflammation.

gloves

When working with laboratory materials, it is necessary to use latex gloves because the contact of chemicals with the skin can lead to burns and serious injuries.

cover

Using a lab cover protects a person from the dangers of splashing acidic and alkaline liquids.

The price of laboratory equipment is divided and priced according to the characteristics, size, size and capabilities that they have. To know the price of each equipment, you should contact the manufacturer, seller or representative of the relevant laboratory equipment. FG company is also one of the largest manufacturers of laboratory equipment in Iran. by FG with the head office of this company located in Tehran, Jomohri Square Contact the sales department.

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